What is Epoxy Flooring? A DIY Guide

When it comes to choosing the best flooring for our home, garage floor coating, or any other outdoor surfaces, we tend to consider options such as cost, durability, sustainability, management, and design. What brings most people to choose Epoxy flooring options is High durability, customizable, water resistant, and low cost.

epoxy flooring with different  designs

Below is a comprehensive explanation of Epoxy flooring, Types of Epoxy flooring, how to make Epoxy flooring, and why you should choose Epoxy flooring. 

What is Epoxy flooring?

Epoxy flooring is a flooring surface that consists of multiple layers of epoxy, resins, and hardeners. Epoxy is a chemical reaction produced from the mixture of resin and hardener. It is usually strong and durable, and also stain and chemical-resistant. 

Epoxy flooring has a special type of coating that protects the floor from damage.

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Epoxy Flooring vs Parquet flooring vs Lifeproof flooring

Parquet flooring is a wooden type of flooring, it is very durable as it is made of hardwood. When compared to Epoxy flooring, Parquet flooring can easily be damaged by moisture and scratches, and the color can fade. It is also usually noisy.

Lifeproof flooring is a 100% waterproof vinyl plank floor that is very durable and easy to maintain. When compared to Epoxy flooring, Lifeproof flooring is not environmentally sustainable. 

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How much does an Epoxy floor cost?

Epoxy flooring costs between $3 and $12 per square foot, which is cheaper than other flooring options. 

Types of Epoxy Flooring

There are different types of Epoxy flooring, Each of them is designed based on Individual preferences and designs.

1. Self-Leveling Epoxy Floors

 Self-Leveling Epoxy Floors

It is mostly used in commercial or industrial buildings. Self-leveling epoxy coatings are an excellent choice for resurfacing worn and deteriorated flooring, it helps save the cost of replacement of the worn flooring. 

2. Mortar Epoxy Floors

Mortar Epoxy Floors

This flooring type is perfect for multiple environments such as commercial, Institutional, residential, and industrial. The flooring has a mixture of epoxy and sand or epoxy and quartz. The mixture in this flooring type creates airtight, waterproof barriers and prevents corrosion. 

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3. Gravel Epoxy Floors

Gravel Epoxy Floors

A mixture of decorative gravel and epoxy. It is mostly used in residential environments, Homes, and garages. It is a natural stone with lots of naturally beautiful colors and styles. It is very durable.

4. Epoxy Terrazzo Floors

 Epoxy Terrazzo Floors

It is cost-effective flooring used when designing existing space or a new construction. It is durable, smooth, and easy to wash as it is nonporous. 

5. Flaked Epoxy Floors

Flaked Epoxy Floors

This type of flooring is mostly used in garages, It contains colored flake materials that are mixed in epoxy for a durable finished floor. 

How to make Epoxy flooring?  

  1. Prepare the floor Surface: To install epoxy flooring, the floor has to be clean, dry, and free from dirt and dust particles.
  2. Mix Epoxy Resin and Hardener: Prime the floor with the suggested epoxy resin and hardener, Follow the manufacturer’s instructions and stick to using the specific measurements and instructions given.
  3. Apply the epoxy mixture to the floor: Use a roller or brush to apply the epoxy to the floor surface. Then allow it to cure for the specific time instructed by the resin and hardener manufacturer. 
  4. Apply a second Coat of Resin and Hardener: This depends on the desired thickness and finishing you want for your flooring. It has to be applied after the first coat has cured. Then inspect and do any final touch-ups and finishing. 

Always make sure you stick to the specific instructions and procedure given by your epoxy manufacturer as this matters in making sure your flooring comes out in the best way. 

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Advantages of Epoxy flooring: Is it cheaper than Tiles?

  • Epoxy floors are more durable, cost-effective, easier to maintain, and cheaper than tiles. 
  • Epoxy creates no gaps or lines on the floor, unlike tiles that are square and create lines.
  • Tiles can easily get stained and create mold unlike Epoxy flooring which is easy to clean and water resistant. 
  • Both Epoxy flooring and tiles last long over time but tiles tend to crack later.
  • For epoxy flooring, the bigger the room the lesser the cost. 

Epoxy flooring is durable, costs less and it is long lasting. Whatever environment you are trying to use epoxy flooring in, there are always the best and perfect epoxy floor types for you based on your preferences and design interests.  

FAQs for Epoxy Flooring 

How long does it take for an epoxy floor to cure completely?

Epoxy floor cure usually takes 7 days and it may be okay to walk on the floor in 12 – 24 hours but it can take more days in a colder and more humid environment.  

Can epoxy flooring be installed over existing concrete, or does the old surface need to be removed?

 The old surface or concrete needs to be removed before installing epoxy concrete.

What is the recommended maintenance routine for epoxy floors to ensure long-lasting durability and appearance?

 Epoxy floors do not require any serious maintenance, Daily sweeping, moping and keeping the ground away from any form of scratch is enough to keep the floor durable and shining. 

Are there specific considerations or preparations needed before applying epoxy flooring in high-traffic areas or industrial settings?

Proper surface preparation and using the right Epoxy mixture is required. 

Can epoxy floors be customized in terms of color, design, or texture, and what options are available for personalization?

Yes, your Epoxy floors can be customized based on color, design, or texture preferences. Some of the available Epoxy types and options are listed above.


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